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An interview with Ding Yuzhu, a Vitoria peace Commissioner, in Shanghai

I have been working in the field of education for more than half a century. I can start with my childhood life in Shanghai. I left my hometown of Shanghai as a child and went to Hong Kong to take root, study, run education and serve the community. But I can never forget my hometown, nor do I forget to do my best for it. Education and serving others will become a bridge between me and my hometown.
Abandoning family studies as an ideal My great-grandfather Ding Ganren is one of the founders of Menghe Medical School, which is well-known in Chinese medical circles. In 1917, he founded Shanghai Special School of Traditional Chinese Medicine. From generation to generation, uncle Ding Zhongying, father Ding Jiwan and brother Ding Jingyuan are also hanging pots to save the world. My father is a skilled doctor. Every day he sees dozens of patients. The room is full of patients. Their painful faces make me sad and impressed. When I was 8 years old, I settled in Hong Kong with my family. When I was studying in Hong Kong and graduated from high school, my father wanted me to inherit the family business and study medicine. But since I liked children from childhood, I embarked on a path of preschool education.

When I was a teenager, I set two ambitions: first, to become a kindergarten teacher; second, to run a children's clothing store, because I can stop outside the children's clothing store to watch for most of the day, and I won't get bored. In order to achieve my ambition, I gave up the chance to study abroad with my brothers and sisters in order to realize my "preschool education dream". My Cantonese pronunciation is not standard and I can't pass the test of Normal College. Even though I passed the written examination of Teachers College at that time, I had to read articles in Cantonese during the interview, so I failed because of the pronunciation problem. Although the results of the normal college assessment were within my expectation, I did not give up because of this. Since I could not teach children in Cantonese, I went to kindergartens in Jiangsu and Zhejiang to teach in Putonghua.
Kindergarten work makes me busy, but in order to obtain the formal teacher qualification, I wanted to "teach kindergarten in the morning; teach elementary school in the afternoon, but also as a head teacher; in the evening, I attended the on-the-job qualified teacher training course run by Ge Lihong College of Education in Jinwentai Middle School." Because I attend teacher training at night, I don't need to take pronunciation exams, but if I don't teach elementary school, I'm not qualified to take night courses, so I have to read, teach kindergartens and elementary schools at the same time. At that time, it was only work, work and then work, even meal time was only 10 minutes, in order to realize the ideal as soon as possible and become qualified teachers. Although the work is very busy, but I do not feel hard, for the interest, for the ideal work, naturally can let people forget fatigue. Finally, I graduated from Gelihong College of Education in 1964 and became a qualified teacher.

Running preschool education for children
I accompany my children every day, and only have children in my heart. I just think that this is the happiest occupation in the world, and I am also the happiest person in the world. During my work as a kindergarten teacher, one thing touched and inspired me. When I was pregnant, the child asked me to "jump frogs" together. At that time, I thought, "How can I jump with a big stomach?" So let me also reflect on it. If one day I am an administrator, I will arrange for them to lead static teaching activities during pregnancy. Relatively dynamic activities, such as singing, swimming, physical fitness, games and so on, will be assisted by other teachers or assistants, so that pregnant teachers can continue teaching. Work can also breed a new life with ease. Since the idea of becoming an administrator came into being, the idea of starting a school came into being, so the school began to look for a school site. In 1965, facing the Victoria Tower in Victoria Park, I found the school site and founded the Victoria Kindergarten. At the beginning, there were only eight children enrolled. Although there were few children, the parents'trust in me laid the "first cornerstone" of Victorian educational institutions.
In order to save money, at the beginning of the school, I had to do many jobs - principals, teachers, nannies, drivers and chores. In the morning, I drove with my sister Li Ding Yujuan to pick up students from different places to come to school; afterwards, I taught and played the piano; after school, my sister and I drove separately and sent the students home one by one; afterwards, I returned to school to clean the table, and to clean the terrace and deal with school affairs, and my sister also assisted me in handling school affairs. School finance.
Soon, the number of students increased from 8 to more than 20, so I could hire a teacher and a part-time cleaner to share the teaching and classroom cleaning work, so that I had more time to deal with school affairs and develop the school. At that time, I thought, "In Hong Kong, an international metropolis, parents naturally want their children to speak fluent English." So I decided to hire foreign English teachers. Among the English teachers employed at that time, there was a British teacher who taught in Britain. Her husband was a British military officer, so she lived in Hong Kong with her husband. She was unable to continue teaching in Hong Kong because she had a baby to take care of, but no relatives or servants could take care of her children on her behalf. In view of this, I helped her take care of the baby so that she could teach, and I took over the delivery of the British teacher to and from the military camp and kindergarten every day. A series of "supporting assistance measures" have enabled the British teacher to continuously introduce suitable fellow teachers to Hong Kong, which has strengthened the ranks of foreign teachers in kindergartens.

Public office as a society
In addition to running kindergartens, in the early 1960s, I participated in the service of the Women's Association of Hong Kong and Kowloon Neighbourhoods, promoted moral education activities, and organized summer activities and courses for young people. I am the director of the Education Department of Causeway Bay Neighborhood Welfare Club Night School and actively participate in the service of the East District Women's Club. In the 1970s, he became a member of the District Committee, devoted to promoting the welfare of neighbourhoods and women, and needed contacts with people from the Government Office (now known as the Civil Affairs Department).
By the 1980s, he had officially embarked on political work. The First District Council was established in early 1981, when a number of members were appointed. In the first few months, the Administration Department invited me to attend the District Council meetings. By 1982, the government appointed a number of district councillors, and I was one of them. In 1985, I was re-appointed to the second District Council. At that time, 132 appointed seats remained unchanged, while the number of elected seats increased from 132 to 237. The chairman was no longer an official representative, but elected by members of Parliament. In 1988, the Third District Council elected one member to promote the Municipal Council within each district council. In 1989, I became the first indirectly elected female member of the municipal council, and also a "double material" member of the District Council and the municipal council.
I remember that when the last Governor of Hong Kong, Patten Dingkang, took office, the political system was turbulent. In 1994, the District Council was re-elected without appointed seats. I sought out electoral districts with some appointed members. Although I have a lot of experience in parliament, I am a newcomer to the election, and I have learned a lot from it. I remember one morning when I landed with loud public speakers, some residents threw tomatoes down the building, but fortunately I did not throw them. Even if I took kindergarten students to travel, loud public was also useful, but it was another thing to use loud public when elections were held. Flyers could be sent in the morning, but loud public was required at 10 a.m. After half a year. In the process of participating in the elections, I have done all the propaganda in the form of loud public speaking, sending leaflets, visiting home and so on. It's summer. Even if a building has 26 stories, I'm sweating and visiting every house one by one. I lost 10 pounds in an election. Subsequently, Hong Kong returned to the motherland in 1997 and the appointment system was restored. I was again appointed as a District Councillor. From 1982 to 2011, after being appointed, elected and re-appointed, I served as a member of the Eastern District Council for 29 years. Among them, from 2000 to 2011, he served as chairman of the Eastern District Council for 11 years.

Over the years, my experience in public office and serving the society has made me know many people from different strata, and I have learned the truth of dealing with people and things, that is, dealing with things in a wrong way and looking at them from the perspective of others; and doing anything must be diligent, modest and conscientious, and constantly improve my learning ability. I still remember that when I was a member of the council, I was exposed to the confrontational parliamentary culture in the council, which greatly enriched my political experience. When I was the chairman of the Eastern District Council, although members of different parties occasionally had different opinions in the council, their starting point was to appeal for the people, I would call it " Everyone listens quietly to others'speeches. "Parliamentarians cooperate harmoniously. The Eastern District Council has the largest number of seats in Hong Kong, with 46 members. It has a large number of members and a relatively long meeting time. Sometimes I spend more time with members of Parliament than my family, so I will choose to be honest, familiar with the character of each colleague, and help parliament to discuss, and my management experience is: "As long as you are willing to sit down and discuss, there will always be a solution; and with flexibility and rigidity, modesty to people, sit on an equal footing." In the process of political work, we not only learn a lot of new things and broaden our knowledge, but also, most importantly, help a lot of people and benefit the society.
It is very important to know how to allocate time because we have to take into account both school running and public office. Because we often act as the main guests of performances or activities, such as Cantonese Opera performances for the elderly, children's Choir performances, recreational and recreational activities, etc., I will devote to and enjoy watching programs, which can also be regarded as a kind of entertainment. Over the years, serving the community has helped me not only to the general public, but also to the recognition and praise of the Hong Kong Administration and the regional government. Before my return, I was awarded the Medal of Honor by the Queen in 1984 and the Gentleman of Peace in 1991. After my return, I was awarded the Bronze Bauhinia Star in 2001, the Silver Bauhinia Star in 2006 and the Golden Bauhinia Star in 2011. Up to now, I still continue to serve the community, because my belief is that "as long as society needs me one day, I will never stop."

 Do your best for your hometown
Although I left my hometown Shanghai as a child, Shanghai is the place where I was born and lived in my childhood, so I have a deep and strong feeling for my hometown. At the beginning of the reform and opening up, I returned to my hometown in the late 1970s and early 1980s. At that time, the economic development of my hometown began to recover and friendship shops were set up, but the life of my hometown was still hard and simple. I still remember that when I returned home wearing flowery clothes, I was noticed by many people. In addition, at first, friendship stores only entertained foreigners. I could enter friendship stores, but relatives in my hometown could not enter them, so we could only meet outside friendship stores. In addition to visiting relatives back home, I also visited the kindergartens attached to the enterprises under the jurisdiction of the Women's Federation at that time to care about the development of early childhood education in my hometown. At that time, such kindergartens mainly provided education and care services for women to work in enterprises. At that time, I saw these children sitting in the classroom with insufficient light, eating, living and studying in the same place. Seeing everything in my hometown, I have a little wish in my heart. I will do my best for my hometown and the children of my country.
Besides visiting kindergartens in my hometown, I also visited kindergartens in Guangzhou, Kunming, Yunnan, Beijing, Mongolia and Zhaoqing. Therefore, in addition to donating money in Hong Kong to run the Ding Yuzhu kindergarten of the Hong Kong Kowloon Neighborhood Women's Association, I have also donated money to rebuild or build schools in China, including the reconstruction of Wanlu Primary School in Fengkai County, the construction of Ding Yuzhu Vocational and Technical Training Middle School of the Hong Kong Women's Association (Ninth) and the Duan Jiayao Ding Yuzhu Chunlei School in Inner Mongolia. To learn and build Ai Primary School in Lengkeng Town, Huaiji County, Zhaoqing City, and Hope Xiaoqiu Yicun Primary School in Dawang District.

For my hometown, besides donating money to support Shanghai and Hong Kong kindergartens of Shanghai Women's Federation, I also do my best to serve as a consultant for Shanghai and Hong Kong kindergartens. So every two or three months, I also take time to Shanghai to give lectures to kindergarten teachers and teach the most advanced teaching methods. I also introduce the world's advanced teaching concepts to kindergartens, set up a computer room for kindergartens, and arrange kindergarten teachers to study in Hong Kong. I became a member of the Shanghai Women's Federation in 1989 and participated in the annual meeting because I participated actively in the work of the Women's Federation on children's affairs. In the 1990s, I became a director of Shanghai UNICEF and Shanghai Song Qingling Foundation. I am aware of and concerned about the difficulties and needs of women, especially those who are seriously ill. In 2003, in order to help the seriously ill women and their children in Shanghai, I ran around, called and visited more than 70 well-known women from all walks of life in Hong Kong, and facilitated the "Caring Elegance Collection and Caring Mother Shanghai-Hong Kong Charitable Literature and Art Festival" jointly organized by Caring Elegance Collection and Shanghai Women. I successfully raised 1.6 million yuan as a treatment. Funding for medical aid.
In 2004, I was awarded the 7th Magnolia Prize for Children's Work in Shanghai for my concern and dedication to the development of children and education in my hometown, in order to commend my devotion to education in Shanghai. The recognition of the Magnolia Prize for Children's Work is to further establish the public awareness of "children first" and form a good fashion of caring for children and advocating children's work. This is also the belief I have always adhered to in education, with "children first" and "children first", so that every child can get the most from the starting point of life. OK, let's start.
From 2000 to 2007, I became a member of the education circle of the Shanghai Political Consultative Conference and participated in the meetings of the CPPCC to further serve Shanghai, contribute my efforts to the development of education and the well-being of children in Shanghai, and hope that my hometown will continue to develop and progress and become an international metropolis. Today, Shanghai has hosted many international events such as the National Games and the World Expo. The development of education has reached the world level, especially in 2009, when Shanghai participated in the International Student Assessment Program (PISA) for the first time. Shanghai students ranked first among the 65 countries or regions that participated in the PISA in reading, mathematics and science, which can be said to be "shocking the world". In the following year, Shanghai ranked the first among the 65 countries or regions that participated in the PISA. The results of the second PISA test in the three fields of mathematics, reading and science show that Shanghai students still have the highest level in all participating countries or regions.
Seeing the prosperity of my hometown and the gradual development of education and economy into a world-class city, besides the joy in my heart, there is an indescribable excitement and excitement. At that time, I yearned for a small family. I wish every family could become a well-off home. This not only realized, but also more and better than I expected. I believe that the development of home is inseparable from the country, the country is prosperous, the country is strong, the home is strong.


Religious Inheritance as a Country
I founded the first Victorian kindergarten in 1965. By 2015, Victorian educational institutions had nine kindergartens in China, including Shanghai, Shenzhen, Suzhou and Hangzhou. There were nine kindergartens in Hong Kong and a "one-stop" school in Shanghai, Hong Kong and Hong Kong. The Victorian Educational Institutions have been running schools for half a century. Looking back on the 50 years of running schools, it's very interesting. And what I am most delighted about is that the educational cause I have worked so hard to establish and run has been passed down. My daughter, Kong Meiqi, is willing to inherit and devote her life to education.
Talking about the inheritance of education, I can go back to the beginning of my school, because I am the principal of kindergarten, Mei Qi of course studies in Victoria Kindergarten. During the day, she went to school with her classmates; in the evening, she stayed at school. After I took care of her after dinner and played with her, she had to deal with school affairs, and she played in the classroom by herself, creating her doll dreams, acting as a teacher and acting as a principal. When she grew up in the United States, she planned to study medicine. It happened that she had to study psychology first, then intern in a children's hospital and work as an assistant in a university kindergarten. In the process, she realized and realized her real interest. She abandoned medicine to teach. At that time, she took a bachelor's degree in education. After graduation, she continued to teach in the United States. In 1985, she returned to Hong Kong to visit her relatives during the summer vacation. On the 20th anniversary of the Victorian Educational Institution, she saw a great change in her school. So she came up with the idea of leaving Hong Kong for Ms. Ding Yuzhu and her daughter Kong Meiqi respectively.

As a mother, of course, my daughter would like to be honorary academician to inherit my education career and join the Victorian Educational Institution. At that time, Victoria Educational Institution had established two kindergartens and an English elementary school. In order to enable Mei Qi to apply what she learned and to practice the novel teaching methods she learned in the United States, I encouraged her to start a new school. In 1986, I just supported and advised her to start Kangyi Campus from bidding, site selection and decoration to hiring teachers, recruiting students and meeting parents personally.

Subsequently, due to the inheritance of daughters, Victorian educational institutions developed rapidly. When Hong Kong returned to the motherland in 1997, the steady development of Victorian institutions in Hong Kong, as well as the establishment of public praise, prompted other provinces and municipalities to hear about it. By coincidence, at the invitation of Shanghai real estate developers, we opened the first private Sino-foreign cooperative kindergarten, Shanghai Weihua Kindergarten, in Hongqiao, Shanghai, in 1998. At the beginning of kindergartens in Shanghai, we insisted on the same form of running schools as Hong Kong, with the emphasis on "bilingual education" in both Chinese and English, promoting inquiry learning, and the effect of running schools was well received by parents in Shanghai. Hence, they continued to be invited to open kindergartens in Shenzhen, Hangzhou and Suzhou, so that Victorian educational institutions could gradually expand and take root, although starting in Hong Kong, but rooted in the motherland.

As a school with a history of half a century, Victorian Educational Institutions are still constantly breaking down and innovating, continuing to develop and progress, and pursuing excellent and high-quality education. Beginning in 2003, Victorian educational institutions introduced the International Baccalaureate-Primary Years Programme, an International Diploma course. In January 2005, the first kindergarten, Victoria International Kindergarten (Baocui Garden), successfully passed the certification and became the World School of International Diploma Course (IB). Later, many kindergartens succeeded in passing the certification and became the IB World School. The Shanghai Victoria School is the first one-stop IB World School in Hong Kong. It was opened in 2007. During the 2010-2011 academic year, there were the first IB Preparatory Diploma graduates. Three times of the graduates have scored 45 points with excellent results. The overall average score of the graduates is over 40 points, and the eligibility rate reaches 100%. It is much higher than IB's global average. Many graduates have been admitted to the best universities in the world, including Oxford University, Cambridge University, Imperial College of Technology, London University College, University of California, Los Angeles, Boston University, University of Toronto, British Columbia University, Hong Kong University, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, etc.

The Victorian Educational Institution, which was founded by me, has started and adhered to bilingual learning. Up to now, Victorian Educational Institutions still adhere to the philosophy and principles of Chinese teaching, constantly innovate teaching methods, constantly optimize courses, continue to implement "today's two-language and three-language learning, cultivate tomorrow's international citizens", and "love reading, love exploring, and love to explore." The goal and mission of "Learning Care". After 50 years of hard work and perseverance in education, Victoria has become a well-known educational institution in Hong Kong. Our mother and daughter have been awarded honorary academician titles by the Hong Kong Institute of Education. In 2013, the honorary academician title was awarded to me in recognition of my contribution to early childhood education and society; in 2015, the honorary academician title was awarded to Meiqi in recognition of her tremendous contribution to education in Hong Kong, the mainland and even the world.
The essence of education is a kind of inheritance, which is to pass on knowledge, culture and moral character to students in different forms, and ultimately to cultivate future talents to contribute to the country.